The Heritage River Birch is commonly found as a multi-stemmed tree, but occasionally it is available in a single-stem form. It is a variety of the river birch known for having nice yellow fall color and bark that exfoliates which reveals tan to salmon pink colored trunks and branches. The Heritage River Birch can be planted as a single accent tree or plant a group of them for a more natural and interesting look.
The Douglas fir is a dense evergreen native to our area. It has a strong pyramidal shape when young and has a tendency to limb itself up as it matures. Its size will be difficult to control in urban landscapes so it is best to have adequate space for this large native tree. Needles are soft and occasionally have a bluish tint.
The Jacquemontii Birch is known for its white bark. In fact it has the whitest bark of all the birches and it renews its color yearly by shedding outer layers of bark, which peel off in papery sheets. Accent the white bark by planting the Jacquemontii birch in front of dark evergreen foliage or by planting the birches in groups or rows. The Jacquemontii birch has yellow fall color, and it maintains its landscape interest in the winter due to its branch structure and showy bark.
The Katsura tree is grown as both a single stemmed or multi-stemmed tree. It has rounded heart shaped leaves that emerge in spring with a red to purple tint. As the leaves mature they turn a slightly bluish green. The Katsura has yellow fall color and are known for the sweet sugary scent they emit as fall arrives.
This is a fast growing weeping willow. It has a upright form when it is younger but develops a weeping habit as it matures. It has yellow stems which gives the tree winter interest. The leaves are dark green and glossy. This willow does not bear catkins. Fall color is yellow.
The Chanticleer pear is a dense flowering tree. It maintains its narrow form so it can be suitable for street plantings. It is one of the first deciduous trees to leaf out early spring and one of the last to drop in fall. The Chanticleer is ornamental, meaning that it does not bear fruit. The Chanticleer pear produces white flowers borne in clusters. It does not have dependable fall color but can develop red to purple fall color.
The Emerald Green Arborvitae is one of the most popular and dependable screening trees for our area. They are often planted in rows to create a ‘Natural’ barrier. The Emerald Green is a dense evergreen that maintains its deep green color all year. Because of its columnar growth habit, and limited spread, the Emerald Green is an appropriate selection for small planting spaces.
If planted correctly, Emerald Greens will form a low maintenance solid hedge. The dense and columnar growth habit of Emerald Greens means that they require little maintenance and no pruning. However, Emeralds can easily be sheared back to limit their spread and the tops can be trimmed to create uniform heights. Emerald Greens are often planted on two-foot centers. As with all Big Trees Inc. stock, our Emerald Greens are field grown and are balled and burlapped. Field grown stock is known to be fuller and healthier than container grown stock.
Cultivars of our native tree, the Western Red Cedar, make excellent screening trees and hedges. The excelsa cedar is known to maintain its density and symmetrical form without reaching such an enormous mature size. Most cedar cultivars are also noted for their moderate to fast growth rates. Cedars do tolerate hedging and shearing to maintain their growth and overall size.
The weeping willow is a great selection for adding character to a landscape. Known for its graceful, low sweeping branch structure and unique shape. The weeping willow is commonly found near streams, lakes and wetlands but is adaptable to drier soils as well. The weeping willow has winter interest due to its golden winter stems.
The Deodar Cedar has a very graceful habit that can be quite striking in the landscape. It is grown easily in our mild northwest climate. Branches of the Deodar are pendulous and the central leader often droops. It has dense evergreen needles that grow in tufts or whorls on the branches. Needles have a unique bright green to a bluish tint.
Cryptomeria is a selection with juvenile foliage, which is more needle-like and softer, hence the common name plume cedar. The foliage is green in summer and with the onset of cold weather turns a mahogany, plum in the late autumn and winter. It is the perfect backdrop to witchhazels, and red and yellow stemmed cornus. As a young plant is excellent in containers, particularly larger containers planted for winter. The soft texture combines well with other conifers that might be more stiff in appearance also good with Japanese maples. This cultivar was introduced from Japan in the mid 1800s.
The Fraser fir is a nice ornamental evergreen for the landscape. It has the classic evergreen look with its dark green needles and layered branching. The Fraser fir is a popular choice at Christmas. It is best in full sun and it prefers a well drained soil. This tree grows in a pyramidal form. The needles are dark green above with silvery-white on the underside.
The Giant Sequoia is an impressive addition to any landscape. It grows to magnificent heights and gains enormous trunk girth. A large landscape is necessary because size will be difficult to control. The giant sequoia is extremely long lived and is highly regarded as one of the most majestic trees.
The golden cedar is a variegated type of the western red cedar. It has bands of golden yellow within the green foliage. The golden yellow color is more prominent in the new growth, which occurs in early to mid summer. The golden cedar works well as a landscape accent or as a screening tree. It can also be sheared into hedge form.
The grand fir is one of the tallest firs, reaching heights of 300 feet. It is easily distinguished from other Pacific Northwest firs by its sprays of lustrous needles in two distinct rows. They are usually horizontally spread so that both the upper and lower sides of the branches are clearly visible. The needles are 1 to 1 1/2 inches long with glossy dark green tops and two highly visible white lines of stomata on the undersides.
The pollen strobili are yellowish and the cones are yellowish-green to green, cylindrical, erect, 2 to 4 inches long, occur high in the crowns and dissipate in the fall to release their seeds.
The bark is grayish-brown, usually with white mottles, smooth with resin blisters when young, becoming rigid and then scaly with age. Like most other true firs, it is thinned barked and therefore very sensitive to fire. Control of fires in the drier southern parts of the northwest has allowed a widespread increase of grand fir over the last 50 years.
Green Giant: is a vigorously growing, pyramidal evergreen with rich green color that remains outstanding throughout hardiness range. It has no serious pest or disease problems and has been widely grown and tested in commercial nursery production. ‘Green Giant‘ is an excellent substitute for Leyland cypress.
A good choice if you simply want a bigger Emerald Green Arborvitae. Maintains its green color all year. Growing in popularity as a substitute for Leyland Cypress. May be pruned. Note that these trees tend to fill-in and become more dense as they get older/taller.
Growth Rate: Rapid, up to 2-3′ a year after established, depending on growing conditions.
Instant Privacy Use: Fast-growing, larger barrier. Avoid power lines, plan for growth.
Light Requirements: Full sun to shade
Instant Privacy Spacing: May be planted as close together as “5′ centers”, meaning the trunks of each tree are 5’apart.
What to Expect the First Year: As with all newly-planted trees, these need to be watered carefully through the first Spring/ Summer
Fast growing, upright becomes broadly rounded with age and reaches 35 feet tall. New foliage emerges vibrant red, turns dark green in summer and brilliant orange to fiery red in fall. Smooth, light gray bark becomes deeply ridged with age. Showy red flowers precede foliage on intriguing reddish branches. Early red fall color. An old favorite, Autumn Flame is not as popular as it used to be due to new available cultivars. An excellent large lawn tree. Native to eastern United States.
The Raywood ash is known for its excellent fall color. The leaves turn from shades of red to purple before falling in autumn. The Raywood ash has a fine textured which adds softness to the landscape. It tends to stay more oval or upright when younger but matures to be a full rounded canopy adding impact to the landscape.
The Sweetgum progresses through a variety of fall colors. The distinct five-lobed star shaped leaves change from yellow to orange and red to purple in fall. It is a dependable tree for a good fall color show. Unlike maples, the Sweetgum’s fall color will not be uniform over the canopy. This gives it a unique fall color each year
A wonderful tree as a focal point or specimen in your yard. Appropriate for smaller yards as it is slow growing and matures to be 20 ft tall by 15 to 20 ft wide. The Japanese snowbell is covered with white fragrant blossoms in June or July. It has a lovely shape and a gracefully spreading habit. The Japanese snowbell is reliable and easy to grow.
The 1.5 to 3.5-inch-long leaves are dark green through the summer, fading to yellow in the fall. The smooth, grey, rippling bark shields the extremely hard, strong wood. This wood is so solid it was reportedly used by the ancient Romans to make chariots, as well as being used by the American pioneers to make yokes for their oxen.
The Prairiefire is a purplish red flowering crabapple tree with ornamental features. It would look great as a single specimen tree, or planting several along your driveway would be a spectacular way to welcome guests. It has a long bloom period of 1/2″ purplish red flowers that do not fade! The purple leaves emerge and later transform to a green with a reddish tint. When the flowers have gone, ½ inch shiny, dark purplish red, fruit develop which are similar to cherries in appearance. The fruits dangle from the tree into the winter months for birds and other wildlife to enjoy. In the autumn, the leaves of the PrairieFire will close out the season by attaining an exquisite orange tint. The reddish bark of the crabapple is a lovely backdrop to the white snows and will continue to delight through the cold months of winter.
A beautiful tree when mature, this conifer’s most notable characteristic has to be its violet / purple….almost blue cones. The cones reach a size of 2″ – 3″ long, and 1″ wide. Korean Fir is slow to moderate in growth rate, and has a very compact, dense habit. Needles are a nice bright green with a bright white underside.
The foliage of Subalpine Fir turns up along its branches, similar to Noble Fir, but the needles are shorter and tend to be bluish-green. The form of the tree is “spire-like,” very pointy and narrow, an adaptation that reduces the amount of snow that is able to build up on its branches.
This is a dense, pyramidal conifer that typically grows to 50′ tall and 20′ wide in cultivation, but may reach 200′ tall in its native habitat. Trees are typically branched to the ground. Branches are densely clad with flattened, glossy dark green needles (to 1 1/4” long). Needles have two white bands underneath. Bark is charcoal gray. Cylindrical seed cones (to 6″ long) are dark reddish-brown.
Chamaecyparis obtusa ‘Gracilis’ trees are intermediate-sized or “semi-dwarf” Hinoki cypresses. The flattish sprays of scale-like needles will remind some of arborvitae, but the sprays of Hinoki cypress trees curl down slightly. Adding further charm to a mature plant is its nodding top and arching branches, which also droop at their tips.
Picea pungens, commonly called Colorado spruce (also blue spruce), is a medium to large, narrow, pyramidal conifer with horizontal branching to the ground. It typically grows 30-60’ tall in cultivation, but may reach 100’ or more where it grows naturally. It is native to the central Rocky Mountains from southern Montana and eastern Idaho south to New Mexico. Stiff, bristly, four-angled, green to blue-green to silver-blue needles (to 1.5” long) point outward from the branches in all directions. Cylindrical light brown cones (to 4” long) have flexible scales. Dark gray bark furrows on mature trees.
Generally a smaller to mid size tree, often sprawling and irregular in its youth and rarely achieving a full height or straight form. This pine is rather dark in color, both in leaf color and bark. The needles are in pairs and tend to be shorter than many pinus relatives. The small pine nuts are favored by many birds.It often looks better in groves and used in evergreen hedgerows than growing singly. It is one of the best pines for making unpruned hedges or visual screens. It does not take to pruning as well as some other pines. Also, unlike many pines, it is highly adaptable to many soil conditions, wet or dry.
The ‘Vanderwolf’ Pine has proven itself a good conifer choice for a hot, dry spot; that won’t get too large and has soft, two-toned needles. This western North American native Pine can tolerate our dry, hot summers and wet winters. Well draining soil, including dry, rocky hillsides, will help it tolerate those conditions even better. We have especially been attracted to it because it doesn’t have the scratchy quality of most conifers, you can get close to it and enjoy the blue and green needles. The ‘Vanderwolf’ has a more open habit than some other sheared looking conifers when young but gets denser with age and can be used as an effective screen, a specimen position, or looks great in groups of three. ‘Vanderwolf’ is more pyramidal than the species- Pinus flexilis. It is difficult to pin down a mature size on the ‘Vanderwolf’ but it is slower growing so it is useful in smaller spaces. It can get 20-25′ tall and 10-15′ wide but it seems to get taller more quickly than it gets wide. Like most pines, it only needs occasional watering once established and this variety is more disease and pest resistant than some other pine species. Also like most pines, it is deer resistant.
This cultivar of European Black Pine grows slowly, reaching 10-12 feet tall with an 8-10 foot spread in the first ten years. Can reach 18-20 feet tall at maturity. Beautiful, dark green needles are accented nicely with tall, white-ish spires of new growth in the spring that’s often compared to tall, white candles.
Paperbark maple is a slender upright tree with an oval shaped canopy. It is particularly noted for its exfoliating copper orange to cinnamon reddish/brown bark and its showy orange to red fall color. Excellent small tree for small properties. Deserves a location where its ornamental features can be appreciated.
This Japanese maple is a small tree that is prized for its bark that turns coral pink in cold weather. But the interest isn’t limited to just the winter. This tree will add color and interest to your garden all year long.
The tree has deeply cut green leaves and the form has an elegant vase shape. Fall color is spectacular with bright yellow and orange foliage.
‘Armstrong’ will typically grow 40-60′ (sometimes 70′) tall with a very narrow, fastigiate (branches erect) form. Leaves resemble those of its silver maple parent and are 3-6″ across. Bark is distinctively silvery. Fall color can be good in some years under optimum environmental conditions, but more often than not is an inferior yellowish orange.
The Karpick Red Maple has a strong central leader with smaller than average lateral limbs. It is quite upright with an ultimate height and width in good soil of approximately 45’ x 20’. From a distance, the leaves show a finer texture than other narrow forms. The smaller and denser lateral limbs on a strong central leader, and finer toothed leaves, are the most notable differences from the other narrow maples.
The tree is quite striking with dark green, coarse-textured foliage. Pyramidal in shape when very young, red horsechestnut develops slowly into a round, very dense shade tree by five to seven years of age, and is outstanding in the landscape for its beautiful springtime display of blossoms. The multitude of deep scarlet flowers in erect, 10-inch-long panicles at each branch tip are quite attractive to bees and hummingbirds.
Weeping Giant Sequoia Redwood is an upright evergreen conifer with drooping branches held close to the trunk. No two look alike. Due to a narrow habit, ‘Pendulum’ is popular as a vertical green accent, especially close to buildings. Prefers full sun in well-drained soil.Sequoiadendron giganteum ‘ Pendulum ‘ Weeping Giant Redwood An upright evergreen conifer with drooping branches held close to the trunk. No two look alike. Due to a narrow habit, ‘Pendulum’ is popular as a vertical green accent, especially close to buildings. Prefers full sun in well-drained soil.Sequoiadendron giganteum ‘ Pendulum ‘ Weeping Giant Redwood An upright evergreen conifer with drooping branches held close to the trunk. No two look alike. Due to a narrow habit, ‘Pendulum’ is popular as a vertical green accent, especially close to buildings. Prefers full sun in well-drained soil.Sequoiadendron giganteum ‘ Pendulum ‘ Weeping Giant Redwood An upright evergreen conifer with drooping branches held close to the trunk. No two look alike. Due to a narrow habit, ‘Pendulum’ is popular as a vertical green accent, especially close to buildings. Prefers full sun in well-drained soil.Sequoiadendron giganteum ‘ Pendulum ‘ Weeping Giant Redwood An upright evergreen conifer with drooping branches held close to the trunk. No two look alike. Due to a narrow habit, ‘Pendulum’ is popular as a vertical green accent, especially close to buildings. Prefers full sun in well-drained soil.
A large evergreen shrub with dense, erect branches and brilliant green foliage. In spring, it has fragrant white flowers and fruit that attracts birds. A popular choice for formally pruned hedges, group plantings or privacy screens. Tolerates salt spray.
This shrub has a refined growth habit and is a vigorous grower and very hardy. Laurels are among the few evergreen species with very broad leaves that are hardy in cold climates. Somewhat narrow in growth habit, when compared to cherry laurel. Used for screening and mass plantings.
Prunus lusitanica is a bushy, evergreen shrub or tree with a dark green leaf. The leaf size is much smaller than that of Prunus laurocerasus. Portugal Laurel has reddish new shoots (stems) that look attractive against the dark green leaves. If left untrimmed, it produces masses of small fragrant white flowers in early summer followed by small red to dark purple fruits.
The Persian Ironwood tree is native to the Persian/Iranian country side, and provides interest to gardens with its slightly kinked branches and strong structural presence. With small red flowers in the spring, and becoming a small to medium height deciduous tree with shiny leaves, the Persian Ironwood finds a home in many Northwest gardens. Leaves turn yellow, orange and red in the fall.